Masaki Kashiwara is Profesor emeritus in Mathematics at the Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University. He has made leading contributions towards algebraic analysis, microlocal analysis, D-module theory, Hodge theory, sheaf theory and representation theory. Together with Mikio Sato, Masaki Kashiwara established the foundations of the theory of systems of linear partial differential equations with analytic coefficients, introducing a cohomological approach that follows the spirit of Grothendieck theory of schemes.
Professor Kashiwara was awarded the Iyanaga prize by Mathematics Society Japan (1981), the Asahi prize (1988) and the Japan Academy prize (1988). He is a member of the French Academy of Sciences (2002) and of the Japan Academy (2007), and Doctor Honoris Causa at the University of Nancy (1996) and the Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (2005).
In honour of the visit of Professor Kashiwara to Strasbourg, a series of lectures by colleagues in the field has been organised, from 3-6 April 2017, organised by Professor Nalini Anantharaman, who holds the USIAS Chair in Mathematics, and Adriano Marmora, associate professor at the Institut de Recherche Mathématique Avancée (IRMA). On Thursday 6 April Professor Kashiwara will give a keynote lecture.
Programme (pdf, including abstracts)
Programme 3-6 April 2017
|Monday 3 April |
|10:30||Welcome with coffee||IRMA coffee room|
|11:00||Bernard Leclerc (University of Caen) I||Salle de conférences, IRMA|
|14:00||Andrea D'Agnolo (University of Padua) I|
|Tuesday 4 April |
|11:00||Andrea D'Agnolo II||Salle de conférences, IRMA|
|14:00||Bernard Leclerc II|
|Wednesday 5 April|
|11:00||Pierre Baumann (IRMA, Strasbourg)||Salle de conférences, IRMA|
|14:00||Andrea D'Agnolo III|
|15:30||Bernard Leclerc III|
|Thursday 6 April |
|10:35||Gérard Laumon (University of Paris-Sud)||Petit Amphithéâtre, UFR de Mathématiques|
|14:00||Jean-Baptiste Teyssier (University of Leuven)|
|15:00||Claude Sabbah (Ecole Polytechnique, Paris)|
Sylviane Muller (USIAS Chair in Therapeutic Immunology)
|16:35||Masaki Kashiwara (University of Kyoto)|
|17:45||Reception||Salle Europe, MISHA|
Summaries and biographies of the speakers:
Bernard Leclerc - Canonical bases and cluster algebras
In 1990, G. Lusztig constructed a new basis of the positive part of the enveloping algebra of a simple Lie algebra, which he called the canonical basis. Its definition relied on the theory of quantum groups and the geometry of quiver varieties. In 1993, Berenstein and Zelevinsky formulated a conjecture on the dual of the canonical basis, that might lead to a more combinatorial description of this remarkable but rather mysterious basis.
In 2001, Fomin and Zelevinsky came up with a more precise conjecture in terms of a new class of rings called cluster algebras. The notion of a cluster algebra is elementary and combinatorial, and there are many examples, among which the dual of the positive part of the enveloping algebra of a simple Lie algebra. Fomin and Zelevinsky conjectured that the dual canonical basis contains all cluster monomials. This conjecture was proved in 2015 by Kang-Kashiwara-Kim-Oh, using categorification methods based on Khovanov-Lauda-Rouquier algebras.
The minicourse will try to give an accessible introduction to the Fomin-Zelevinsky conjecture, whose proof will be presented by M. Kashiwara.
Bernard Leclerc is a Professor of Mathematics at the University of Caen, working in the domain of algebraic combinatorics and representation theory at the Laboratoire de Mathématiques Nicolas Oresme (LMNO). He is a Senior Fellow of the Institut de France (2010), and editor of the Journal of Combinatorial Theory A and the Mathematische Zeitschrift.
Andrea D'Agnolo - On the Riemann-Hilbert correspondence
Hilbert's twenty-first problem (also known as the Riemann-Hilbert problem) asks for the existence of linear ordinary differential equations with prescribed regular singularities and monodromy. In higher dimensions, Deligne formulated it as a correspondence between regular meromorphic flat connections and local systems. In the early eighties, Kashiwara generalized it to a correspondence between regular holonomic D-modules and perverse sheaves on a complex manifold.
The analogous problem for possibly irregular holonomic D-modules (a.k.a. the Riemann–Hilbert–Birkhoff problem) has been standing for a long time. One of the difficulties was to find a substitute target to the category of perverse sheaves. In the 80's, Deligne and Malgrange proposed a correspondence between meromorphic connections and Stokes filtered local systems on a complex curve. Recently, Kashiwara and the speaker solved the problem for general holonomic D-modules in any dimension. The construction of the target category is based on the theory of ind-sheaves by Kashiwara-Schapira and uses Tamarkin’s work on symplectic topology. Among the main ingredients of the proof is the description of the structure of flat meromorphic connections due to Mochizuki and Kedlaya.
Andrea D'Agnolo is Professor of Mathematics at the University of Padua. He works in the area of Algebraic and Microlocal Analysis.
Pierre Baumann - Crystals and bases of tensor products
In the early 90's, Kashiwara defined crystals as limits of bases of representations of quantum groups, and developed their theory in various situations. Subsequent works by Kashiwara, Lusztig, Littelmann, and Berenstein-Fomin-Zelevinsky elucidated the structure of these combinatorial objects. It was later discovered that Kashiwara's crystals also describe certain geometrical situations. For instance, as observed by Braverman-Gaitsgory, they occur in the geometric Satake correspondence. This theory, due to Lusztig, Ginzburg, Beilinson-Drinfeld, Mirković-Vilonen, and Ngô-Polo provides a construction of representations of a reductive group G from the geometry of the affine Grassmannian of the Langlands dual of G. We will study properties of bases that naturally arise in this context. This is joint work with S. Gaussent and P. Littelmann.
Pierre Baumann is CNRS researcher at the Institut de Recherche Mathématique Avancée (IRMA) in Strasbourg. He works in the area of geometric representation theory of classical groups and algebraic combinatorics.
Gérard Laumon - Exotic Fourier transformations over finite fields
Independently, Braverman-Kazdhan (2003) and Lafforgue (2013) introduced a new approach to Langlands's functoriality involving Fourier transformations associated to Langlands transfert morphisms.
The Langlands functoriality has an analog over finite fields, which has been proved in full generality by Lusztig. So the Fourier transformation part of the above approach makes sense in that context.
In the talk, I will present some results that we have recently obtained with Emmanuel Letellier.
Gérard Laumon is a CNRS senior researcher at the University Paris-Sud. He studied at the École Normale Supérieure and Paris-Sud 11 University, Orsay. He was awarded the Silver Medal of the CNRS in 1987, and the E. Dechelle prize of the French Academy of the Sciences in 1992. In 2004 Laumon and Ngô Bảo Châu received the Clay Research Award for the proof of the Langlands and Shelstad's Fundamental Lemma for unitary groups, a component in the Langlands program in number theory. In 2012 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society.
Jean-Baptiste Teyssier - Skeletons and moduli of Stokes torsors
In the local classification of differential equations of one complex variable, torsors under a certain sheaf of algebraic groups (the Stokes sheaf) play a central role. On the other hand, Deligne defined in positive characteristic a notion of skeletons for l-adic local systems on a smooth variety, constructed an algebraic variety parametrizing skeletons and raised the question wether every skeleton comes from an actual l-adic local system.
After some recollections on the Stokes phenomenon, we will explain how to use a variant of Deligne’s skeleton conjecture in characteristic 0 to prove the existence of an algebraic variety parametrizing Stokes torsors. We will show how the geometry of this moduli can be used to prove new finiteness results on differential equations.
Jean-Baptiste Teyssier is a post-doctorate fellow of the Methusalem project in pure Mathematics at the Mathematics department of KU Leuven. Before this he held postdoctoral positions at the Freie Universität Berlin and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Claude Sabbah - Irregular Hodge theory
Starting from the Riemann - resp. Birkhoff - existence theorem for linear differential equations of one complex variable, I will motivate on the example of hypergeometric - resp. confluent hypergeometric - equations the variant of Hodge theory called 'irregular Hodge theory', originally introduced by Deligne in 1984. I will also explain the interest of this theory in relation with mirror symmetry of Fano manifolds.
Claude Sabbah is CNRS senior researcher at the Centre de mathématiques Laurent Schwartz of the École Polytechnique in Palaiseau. He is working in the domain of linear differential equations in the complex domain and their applications to algebraic geometry.
Claude Sabbah has been Vice-President of the French Mathematical Society (SMF). He was involved in the creation of the CEDRAM program, and the Journal de l'École Polytechnique, relaunched in 2013, of which he is now the journal manager.
Masaki Kashiwara - Categorification of cluster algebras via quiver Hecke algebras
The notion of cluster algebras was introduced by Fomin-Zelevinsky. One motivation came from the multiplicative structure of upper global basis (or dual canonical basis). We use quiver Hecke algebras to categorify cluster algebras. Namely, the category of modules over quiver Hecke algebras has a structure of monoidal category. Its Grothendieck group has a cluster algebra structure. Simple modules correspond to the upper global basis, and cluster monomials correspond to simple modules.
Masaki Kashiwara is Professor emeritus in Mathematics at the Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University. He has made leading contributions towards algebraic analysis, microlocal analysis, D-module theory, Hodge theory, sheaf theory and representation theory. Together with Mikio Sato, Masaki Kashiwara established the foundations of the theory of systems of linear partial differential equations with analytic coefficients, introducing a cohomological approach that follows the spirit of Grothendieck theory of schemes.