Université de Strasbourg

USIAS Fellows seminar: implementation of light-powered nanomachines into Active Polymer Materials

December 3, 2019
From 15:30 until 17:00
Salle Europe, Misha

Nicolas Giuseppone & Andreas Walther (2017 Fellows)

Molecular machines can generate mechanical work from chemical fuels or light at the nanoscale, and are able to produce new functions by energy transduction on higher length scales. In cells for instance, biomolecular machines participate in the copy of the genetic code, in various transport processes, in the synthesis of Active Polymer Materials (ATP), but also in the actuation of our muscles up to the macroscopic scale.

Scientists have recently designed and gained control over the first artificial molecular machines that function as isolated individual units (Nobel Prize for chemistry 2016). We believe that it is now timely and of crucial interest to integrate such artificial nanomachines into material science. The emerging active materials should be able to demonstrate adaptive mechanical properties (e.g. for damping), or contract (e.g. for actuators and robotics) when their integrated nanomachines are fueled by an external source of energy in an out-of-equilibrium fashion.

The goal of the USIAS project was to develop concepts for the integration of light-driven nanomachines into polymer bulk materials and develop the field of far-from-equilibrium, active polymer bulk materials (“active plastics”). Key objectives included to (i) find generic synthetic pathways for an efficient integration of nanomotors into polymer bulk, (ii) understand their fundamental operational principles under light irradiation, and (iii) capitalise on this understanding with material systems displaying new levels of active, adaptive and life-like properties.

Investissements d'Avenir